Climate Change A Serious Threat To Tanzania
Tanzania has 43 million people who are likely to fall into extreme poverty by 2030 due to the effects of climate change, the World Bank said in its latest report.
The bank says in the report entitled: “Shock waves: managing the impacts of climate change on poverty,” climate change is already preventing people from escaping poverty, and without rapid, inclusive and climate-smart development, together with emissions-reductions efforts that protect the poor, there could be more than 100 million additional people in poverty by 2030.
“This report sends a clear message that ending poverty is impossible unless we take strong action to reduce the threat of climate change on poor people and reduce harmful emissions,” World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim was quoted in a statement issued in Dar es Salaam.
Climate change, he said, hits the poorest the hardest, “And our challenge now is to protect tens of millions of people from falling into extreme poverty because of changing climate.”
The report finds poor people at high risk of climate-related shocks, including crop failures from reduced rainfall, spikes in food prices after extreme weather events and increased incidence of diseases after heat waves and floods. Sub-Saharan Africa is by far the most vulnerable to climate change, notes the report, naming Tanzania, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Angola and Uganda as the countries at great risk.
The poorest people, according to the report, are more exposed to climate-related shocks like floods, droughts and heat waves than the average population. The report, released a month ahead of negotiators’ gathering in Paris for international climate talks, shows how ending poverty and fighting climate change can be more effectively achieved if addressed together.
Agriculture will be the main driver of any increase in poverty in Tanzania, the report finds, noting that climate change could result in global crop yield losses as large as five percent by 2030 and 30 percent by 2080.
Health effects-higher incidence of malaria, diarrhoea and stunting-and the labour productivity effects of high temperatures are the next-strongest drivers. The impact of climate change on food prices in Africa could be as high as 12 per cent in 2030 and 70 per cent by 2080 – a crippling blow to those nations where food consumption of the poorest households amounts to over 60 per cent of total spending, the report adds.
The disturbing report comes at a time when the Tanzanian government is in the final process to prepare the climate smart agriculture guidelines programme, as a way to help farmers in the country to deal with climate changes.
According to Head of Environment Management Unit in the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Cooperatives Shakwaanande Natai, the programme will boost the fight against climate change through public awareness and provision of guidelines to farmers and the nation as a whole.
Tanzania Climate Change News via http://www.dailynews.co.tz/index.php/business/44091-climate-change-likely-to-impoverish-tanzania